In both childhood and adulthood, training is necessary to read music scores, which sometimes makes music composition and performance difficult to learn and enjoy. In this research, we proposed a system that enables users to play their own handwritten musical notation by using our intuitive musical interface.

Since the 1960s, Optical Music Recognition (OMR) has become established in the field of printed scores. Recently, Yamamoto proposed an interactive musical system that directly utilizes printed music scores as an instrument using matching keypoints. However, little research on handwritten notation has been done, nor on interactive systems for OMR. Therefore we created a system that combines notating with performing in order to make music more intuitive as a way to assist those learning how to read and write musical scores.



  • Tetsuaki Baba, Yuya Kikukawa, Kumiko Kushiyama, Gocen: Appropriating Simplified Handwritten Notation as a Musical Interface, Journal of Asia Digital Art and Design Association, ADADA, Vol.18, No.1, 2014 [PDF]
  • 馬場哲晃,菊川裕也,串山久美子,青木允,簡易な手書き譜面を利用した演奏システム Gocen の設計,情報処理学会論文誌,一般社団法人情報処理学会,Vol.54, No.4, pp.1327–1337, 2013-4 [PDF]